Saint John of the Cross

Image may contain: 4 people, indoor

Saint John of the Cross

Doctor of the Church
(1542-1591)

Saint John of the Cross was born near Avila in Spain. As a child, he was playing near a pond one day. He slid into the depths of the water, but came up unharmed and did not sink again. A tall and beautiful Lady came to offer him Her hand. No, said the child, You are too beautiful; my hand will dirty Yours. Then an elderly gentleman appeared on the shore and extended his staff to the child to bring him to shore. These two were Mary and Joseph. Another time he fell into a well, and it was expected he would be retrieved lifeless. But he was seated and waiting peacefully. A beautiful lady, he said, took me into Her cloak and sheltered me. Thus John grew up under the gaze of Mary.

One day he was praying Our Lord to make known his vocation to him, and an interior voice said to him: You will enter a religious Order, whose primitive fervor you will restore. He was twenty-one years old when he entered Carmel, and although he concealed his exceptional works, he outshone all his brethren. He dwelt in an obscure corner whose window opened upon the chapel, opposite the Most Blessed Sacrament. He wore around his waist an iron chain full of sharp points, and over it a tight vestment made of reeds joined by large knots. His disciplines were so cruel that his blood flowed in abundance. The priesthood only redoubled his desire for perfection. He thought of going to bury his existence in the Carthusian solitude, when Saint Teresa, whom God enlightened as to his merit, made him the confidant of her projects for the reform of Carmel and asked him to be her auxiliary.

John retired alone to a poor and inadequate dwelling and began a new kind of life, conformed with the primitive Rules of the Order of Carmel. Shortly afterwards two companions came to join him; the reform was founded. It was not without storms that it developed, for hell seemed to rage and labor against it, and if the people venerated John as a Saint, he had to accept, from those who should have seconded him, incredible persecutions, insults, calumnies, and even prison. When Our Lord told him He was pleased with him, and asked him what reward he wished, the humble religious replied: To suffer and to be scorned for You. His reform, though approved by the General of the Order, was rejected by the older friars, who condemned the Saint as a fugitive and an apostate and cast him into prison, from which he only escaped, after nine months’ suffering, with the help of Heaven and at the risk of his life. He took refuge with the Carmelite nuns for a time, saying his experience in prison had been an extraordinary grace for him. Twice again, before his death, he was shamefully persecuted by his brethren, and publicly disgraced.

When he fell ill, he was given a choice of monasteries to which he might go; he chose the one governed by a religious whom he had once reprimanded and who could never pardon him for it. In effect, he was left untended most of the time, during his last illness. But at his death the room was filled with a marvelous light, and his unhappy Prior recognized his error, and that he had mistreated a Saint. After a first exhumation of his remains, they were found intact; many others followed, the last one in 1955. The body was at that time found to be entirely moist and flexible still.

Saint John wrote spiritual books of sublime elevation. A book printed in 1923 which has now become famous, authored by a Dominican theologian*, justly attributed to Saint John and to Saint Thomas Aquinas, whom the Carmelite Saint followed, the indisputable foundations for exact ascetic and mystical theology. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1926 by Pope Pius XI.

Vie des Saints pour tous les jours de l’année, by Abbé L. Jaud (Mame: Tours, 1950).

One thought on “Saint John of the Cross

  1. efterskänkning av klappar till barnsjukhus barnhem den 25/12 därför fasta fram tom 25/12 ?
    “Sveta Kata, snijeg na vrata…“
    25. studenoga Crkva liturgijski časti svetu Katarinu Aleksandrijsku, u narodu zvanu jednostavno sveta Kata, jednu u nizu svetaca koji su vrlo omiljeni u hrvatskom narodu i uz čije se ime vezuju mnoge legende, unatoč činjenici kako malo toga pouzdanog imamo sačuvanog o njezinu životu.
    Rodila se u drugoj polovici 3. stoljeća u gradu Aleksandriji, u imućnoj obitelji, a dijelila je sudbinu mnogih egipatskih mučenika koji su za vrijeme progona više careva, a posebno u Dioklecijanovo vrijeme, podnosili stravične torture i bivali ubijani – samo zato jer nisu htjeli prignuti koljeno pred carem, nego su jasno svjedočili tko je njihov Bog. Zbog tolike brutalnosti koja je bila u Egiptu još izraženija nego u drugim krajevima, nastajale su u narednim stoljećima mnoge legende o tamošnjim mučenicima, pa tako i o svetoj Katarini.
    Valja uvijek imati na pameti kako svetačke legende imaju pedagoški cilj i nepošteno bi ih bilo gledati kroz prizmu običnog preuveličavanja ili pak laži, odnosno njihovi su pisci preko nevjerojatnih ili malo vjerojatnih zgoda redovito htjeli istaknuti Božju ljubav i milost koja je vodila nekada svece, ali isto tako i kao onu koja se na poseban način spušta na čitatelje i potiče ih da nasljeduju svece u vjeri i pouzdanju prema Bogu. U tom se smislu vrijednost tih legendi može vidjeti do današnjih dana, jer se i danas mnogi i mnogi nadahnjuju onime što je u njima zapisano, bez obzira na njihovu povijesnu utemeljenost.
    Iako o svetoj Katarini znamo tek da je podnijela mučeničku smrt u Aleksandriji, pučka predaja navodi kako je bila iznimno lijepa i mudra, toliko da je oduševila i rimskog cara Maksimina, koji je, kad je došao na vlast u tamošnjim rimskim provincijama, odlučio ostaviti svoju ženu i oženiti se Katarinom. Međutim, kada ga je ona odbila, kako bi joj se osvetio izazvao je filozofsku raspravu u kojoj je na jednoj strani bila svetica, dok na drugoj 50 filozofa, a koji su imali zadatak intelektualno ju poraziti i dokazati joj kako je besmisleno vjerovati u Krista koji je umro na križu kao Bog. Nasuprot nakanama cara, predaja kaže kako je svetica bila vrsna u filozofskom umovanju i u teološkom znanju, te je ona pridobila svu pedesetoricu na svoju stranu, odnosno svi su se obratili na kršćanstvo.
    To je, naravno, izazvalo bijes cara, te ih je sve dao pogubiti, a za Katarinu je osmislio posebno mučilo – nekakav kotač s bodežima, koji joj je trebao kidati dio po dio tijela. No, legenda dalje kaže kako se kotač raspao istog trenutka kada ga je Katarina dotaknula, pa su je zbog toga izveli izvan gradskih zidina i odrubili joj glavu. Bilo je to oko 310. god., a legenda nastavlja kako su joj anđeli odnijeli tijelo na goru Sinaj, na mjestu gdje će kasnije niknuti poznati samostan svete Katarine. U srednjem vijeku se pobožnost prema toj svetici još snažnije širi, a legende postaju općeprihvaćene.
    Iako, dakako, valja imati u vidu pedagoško značenje legendi o svetoj Katarini, dobro je uvijek imati na pameti i činjenicu kako je ona uistinu podnijela mučeničku smrt za Krista i kako nam je po tom svjedočanstvu izniman uzor, odnosno dobro je nastojati se uzdići iznad običnog narodnog folklora, u svjetlu kojega se ta svetica danas voli predstavljati.
    Tako u narodu postoji izreka “Sveta Kata, snijeg na vrata”, a koja nam priziva u pamet ne samo bitne vremenske promjene i ulazak u hladne zimske dane, nego nam skreće pozornost na kraj liturgijske godine i skori ulazak u novu. Naime, nedjeljom Krista Kralja završava liturgijska godina, a nedjeljom koja je najbliža spomendanu svetoga Andrije (30. studenoga) započinje došašće (1. nedjelja došašća može pasti između 27. studenoga i 3. prosinca). Spomendan svete Kate je u tom smislu određeni nagovještaj pripreme za Božić i otajstvo Božjeg utjelovljenja, a spomendan svetog Andrije predstavlja međaš jedne i druge liturgijske godine.
    Zato je razumljivo što je na Svetu Katu uvriježeno radosno čestitanje i druženje susjeda i rodbine, kao i polako pripremanje za duboku zimu, prela i čijala, a također i za međusobnu potporu u zajedničkom duhovnom napredovanju kroz post, molitvu i djela milosrđa u došašću, kao izvrsnog puta za iščekivanje Božića.
    U tom je smislu razumljivo i što se sveta Katarina časti kao zaštitnica mnogih područja i osoba, pa je tako zagovornica učitelja, odgojitelja, knjižničara, arhivista, filozofa, teologa, znanstvenika, studenata, pravnika, časte ju svi oni čija su zanimanja na nekakav način povezana s noževima i kotačima, kao npr. mesari, brusači, strojari, tokari, mlinari, lončari, kolari itd., a također se štuje i kao zaštitnica djevojaka, neudanih žena, dadilja, bolničarki i umirućih.
    U našim krajevima, Sveta Kata zaštitnica je Gruda, Ljubuškoga, Kreševa i drugih mjesta.
    Neka vas sve a posebno Katarine, Kate, Katice, Kaje… po zagovoru sv. Katarine Aleksandrijske, blagoslovi svemogući Bog Otac, Sin i Duh sveti, Amen
    Ugleda ubogu udovicu kako baca dva novčića.
    Lk 21, 1-4
    U ono vrijeme: Kad Isus pogleda, vidje kako bogataši bacaju u riznicu svoje darove. A ugleda i neku ubogu udovicu kako baca onamo dva novčića. I reče: »Uistinu, kažem vam: ova je sirota udovica ubacila više od sviju. Svi su oni zapravo među darove ubacili od svog suviška, a ona je od svoje sirotinje ubacila sav žitak što ga imaše.«
    Riječ Gospodnja.

    LITANIJE KRVI KRISTOVE

    Sveta MisaLITANIJE KRVI KRISTOVE

    Gospodine, smiluj se.
    Kriste, smiluj se.
    Gospodine, smiluj se
    Kriste, čuj nas.
    Kriste, usliši nas.
    Oče, nebeski Bože, smiluj nam se.
    Sine, Otkupitelju svijeta, Bože,
    Duše Sveti, Bože,
    Sveto Trojstvo, jedan Bože,
    Krvi Krista, Jedinorođenoga Sina Vječnog Oca, spasi nas!
    Krvi Krista, utjelovljene Riječi Božje,
    Krvi Kristova, novoga i vječnog Zavjeta,
    Krvi Kristova, u smrtnoj borbi na zemlju potekla,
    Krvi Kristova, koja si kod bičevanja izvirala,
    Krvi Kristova, ispod trnove krune prokapala,
    Krvi Kristova, na križu prolivena,
    Krvi Kristova, cijeno našeg spasenja,
    Krvi Kristova, bez koje nema oproštenja,
    Krvi Kristova, u Euharistiji okrepo i čišćenje duša,
    Krvi Kristova, rijeko milosrđa,
    Krvi Kristova, pobjednice zlih duhova,
    Krvi Kristova, snago mučenika,
    Krvi Kristova, jakosti priznavalaca,
    Krvi Kristova, koja rađaš djevice,
    Krvi Kristova, čvrstoćo onih koji su u pogibli,
    Krvi Kristova, okrepo umornih,
    Krvi Kristova, u plaču utjeho,
    Krvi Kristova, nado pokornika,
    Krvi Kristova, utjeho umirućih,
    Krvi Kristova, mire i milino srdaca,
    Krvi Kristova, mire i milino srdaca,
    Krvi Kristova, jamstvo vječnoga života,
    Krvi Kristova, koja izbavljaš duše iz čistilišta,
    Krvi Kristova, svake slave i časti predostojna,

    Jaganjče Božji, koji oduzimaš grijehe svijeta, oprosti nam, Gospodine!
    Jaganjče Božji, koji oduzimaš grijehe svijeta, usliši nas, Gospodine!
    Jaganjče Božji, koji oduzimaš grijehe svijeta, smiluj nam se Gospodine!

    Otkupio si nas Gospodine Krvlju svojom. I postadosmo kraljevstvo Boga našega.

    Pomolimo se. Oče, koji Si po Krvi svoga Jedinorođenca otkupio svijet, uzdrži u nama djelo svoga milosrđa, da bi sjedinjeni s Isusom, posrednikom Novog saveza, postizali plodove svoga otkupljenja. Po Kristu Gospodinu našem. Amen!

    SAINT JOHN OF THE CROSS
    Image may contain: 4 people, indoor

    Saint John of the Cross

    Doctor of the Church
    (1542-1591)

    Saint John of the Cross was born near Avila in Spain. As a child, he was playing near a pond one day. He slid into the depths of the water, but came up unharmed and did not sink again. A tall and beautiful Lady came to offer him Her hand. No, said the child, You are too beautiful; my hand will dirty Yours. Then an elderly gentleman appeared on the shore and extended his staff to the child to bring him to shore. These two were Mary and Joseph. Another time he fell into a well, and it was expected he would be retrieved lifeless. But he was seated and waiting peacefully. A beautiful lady, he said, took me into Her cloak and sheltered me. Thus John grew up under the gaze of Mary.

    One day he was praying Our Lord to make known his vocation to him, and an interior voice said to him: You will enter a religious Order, whose primitive fervor you will restore. He was twenty-one years old when he entered Carmel, and although he concealed his exceptional works, he outshone all his brethren. He dwelt in an obscure corner whose window opened upon the chapel, opposite the Most Blessed Sacrament. He wore around his waist an iron chain full of sharp points, and over it a tight vestment made of reeds joined by large knots. His disciplines were so cruel that his blood flowed in abundance. The priesthood only redoubled his desire for perfection. He thought of going to bury his existence in the Carthusian solitude, when Saint Teresa, whom God enlightened as to his merit, made him the confidant of her projects for the reform of Carmel and asked him to be her auxiliary.

    John retired alone to a poor and inadequate dwelling and began a new kind of life, conformed with the primitive Rules of the Order of Carmel. Shortly afterwards two companions came to join him; the reform was founded. It was not without storms that it developed, for hell seemed to rage and labor against it, and if the people venerated John as a Saint, he had to accept, from those who should have seconded him, incredible persecutions, insults, calumnies, and even prison. When Our Lord told him He was pleased with him, and asked him what reward he wished, the humble religious replied: To suffer and to be scorned for You. His reform, though approved by the General of the Order, was rejected by the older friars, who condemned the Saint as a fugitive and an apostate and cast him into prison, from which he only escaped, after nine months’ suffering, with the help of Heaven and at the risk of his life. He took refuge with the Carmelite nuns for a time, saying his experience in prison had been an extraordinary grace for him. Twice again, before his death, he was shamefully persecuted by his brethren, and publicly disgraced.

    When he fell ill, he was given a choice of monasteries to which he might go; he chose the one governed by a religious whom he had once reprimanded and who could never pardon him for it. In effect, he was left untended most of the time, during his last illness. But at his death the room was filled with a marvelous light, and his unhappy Prior recognized his error, and that he had mistreated a Saint. After a first exhumation of his remains, they were found intact; many others followed, the last one in 1955. The body was at that time found to be entirely moist and flexible still.

    Saint John wrote spiritual books of sublime elevation. A book printed in 1923 which has now become famous, authored by a Dominican theologian*, justly attributed to Saint John and to Saint Thomas Aquinas, whom the Carmelite Saint followed, the indisputable foundations for exact ascetic and mystical theology. He was proclaimed a Doctor of the Church in 1926 by Pope Pius XI.

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