INSTRUCTION ON THE FEAST OF OUR LORD JESUS CHRIST THE KING —Last Sunday of October
Adapted from The Liturgical Year by Abbot Gueranger
Pope Pius XI opens the “Holy Door” at the beginning of the Jubilee Year, 1925, which he concluded with the institution of the Feast of Christ the King.
The Kingdom of Heaven—Holy Church—is seen bringing forth out of Her treasure “things new and old.” Hence, guided by the Holy Ghost, the Spirit of Him Who has promised to be with Her not merely for a few centuries but unto the end of the world, She defines or emphasizes certain points of doctrine as She sees fit, considering the needs of the times. We have an example in the institution of the Feast of the Kingship of Our Lord Jesus Christ by the Sovereign Pontiff, Pope Pius XI, in the jubilee year 1925, and explained to the faithful in the Encyclical Quas Primas.
Christians have ever hailed our Divine Lord as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. It was as a King that the representatives of the Eastern world came to adore Him in the manger; it was as a King, albeit not knowing what he did, that the official representative of the western world lifted Him up on the Cross. The patriarchs and prophets of the old dispensation foretold His royalty; He spoke constantly of His Kingdom: when asked plainly whether He were in truth a King by the representative of Caesar, He acknowledged that such indeed He was, though of a Kingdom not of this world.
“His Kingship is founded upon the ineffable hypostatic union. It is spiritual, and concerned with spiritual things. It is opposed to none other than that of Satan, and to the powers of darkness. Christ is King over Angels and men; King over men’s hearts and wills; His Kingship demands of its subjects a spirit of detachment from riches and earthly things, and a spirit of gentleness. They must hunger and thirst after justice and, more than this, they must deny themselves and carry the cross.”
Yet though His is a spiritual Kingdom, opposed to no just earthly power, “it would be a grave error to say that Christ has no authority whatever in civil affairs, since by virtue of the absolute empire over all creatures committed to Him by His Eternal Father, all things are in His power. All men, whether collectively or individually, are under the dominion of Christ the King. In Him is the salvation of the individual, in Him is the salvation of society.”
Today we sadly behold “a world undone,” largely paganized in principles and outlook, and sometimes even glorying in the name “pagan.” At the best, governments mostly ignore God; and at the worst, openly fight against Him. Even the statesmen’s well-meant efforts to find a remedy for present ills and, above all, to secure world peace, prove futile because, whereas peace is from Christ, and possible only in the Kingdom of Christ, His Name is never mentioned throughout their deliberations or their documents. Christ is kept out of the State schools and seats of higher education; and the rising generations seem to be taught anything and everything save to know, love and serve Him. Art and literature all too frequently reflect the same tendencies.
And since the spirit of evil reigns inevitably wherever the spirit of Christ has ceased to reign, in public and in private men are flouting the moral laws of God, and most, if not all, of the worst abominations of ancient paganism are becoming matters of everyday life. Moreover, be it remembered, modern paganism is worse than that of the ancient world, in that the former knows what it does as the latter did not. There is now an intense, positive hatred of Jesus Christ in the militant atheist, which differs in kind from the attitude of the fiercest Roman or Eastern persecutor: “If I had not come and spoken to them… if I had not done among them the works that no other man hath done, they would not have sin: but now they have both seen and hated both Me and My Father” (John 15: 22, 24).
Ever as practical as She is supernatural, the Church is not content with merely deploring the evil, nor even with counteracting it by sound teaching. She would also make definite reparation to the Divine Majesty thus denied and defied; to Him Whose royalty is slighted and insulted. Something must be done by those who, in a measure, understand and love, in order to atone for those who do not. “To repair the crime… which denies God’s rights over human society whose Author He is, we must exalt Jesus Christ as King over all individuals, families, and peoples. If His universal royalty be proclaimed and His reign in society recognized, one of the principal evils of the modern world—the secularizing of public and private life—will be attacked at its roots” (The Love of God and of the Cross of Jesus, P. Garrigou-Lagrange OP).
“To this end nothing would serve better than the institution of a special Feast in honor of the Kingship of Christ. For people are instructed in the truths of Faith, and brought to appreciate the inner joys of religion, far more effectually by the annual celebration of our sacred mysteries than by any pronouncement, however weighty, of the teaching of the Church. Such pronouncements usually reach only a few, and those the more learned of the faithful; feasts reach them all; the former speak but once, the latter speak every year—in fact forever. The Church’s teaching affects the mind primarily; Her feasts affect both mind and heart, and have a salutary effect upon the whole of man’s nature… We have commanded its observance on a Sunday, in order that not only the clergy may perform their duty by saying Mass and reciting the Office, but that the laity too, free from their daily tasks, may in a spirit of holy joy give ample testimony of their obedience and subjection to Christ… that they may so order their lives as to be worthy, faithful, and obedient subjects of the Divine King” (Encyclical, Quas Primas, Pope Pius XI).
Propers for the Feast of Our Lord Jesus Christ, King
[White] Double of the First Class (meaning, of Highest Rank)
Introit. Apoc. 5, 12; 1, 6
THE Lamb that was slain is worthy to receive power, and Divinity, and wisdom, and strength, and honor. To Him be glory and empire for ever and ever. Ps. 71, 1. Give to the King Thy judgment, O God: and to the King’s Son Thy justice. V. Glory.
ALMIGHTY and eternal God, Who hast wished to restore all things through Thy beloved Son, the King of the universe, graciously grant that all the families of the Gentiles separated by the wound of sin, may be subjected to His most loving dominion, Who with Thee liveth.
Epistle. Col. 1, 12-20
Lesson from the Epistle of blessed Paul the Apostle to the the Colossians.
BRETHREN, we give thanks to God the Father, Who hath made us worthy to be partakers of the lot of the Saints in light: Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated us into the kingdom of the Son of His love. In Whom we have redemption through His Blood, the remission of sins; Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature; for in Him were all things created in Heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether Thrones, or Dominations, or Principalities, or Powers: all things were created by Him and in Him. And He is before all, and by Him all things consist. And He is the head of the body, the Church, Who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He may hold the primacy: because in Him, it hath well pleased the Father, that all fullness should dwell; and through Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, making peace through the Blood of His Cross, both as to the things that are on earth, and the things that are in Heaven, in Christ Jesus Our Lord.
In votive Masses in Paschal-time the Gradual is replaced by the Greater Alleluia found after the Tract.
Gradual. Ps. 71, 8, 11
He shall rule from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth. V. And all kings of the earth shall adore Him: all nations shall serve Him.
In Votive Masses after Septuagesima, the Lesser Alleluia is replaced by the Tract.
Alleluia, alleluia. V. Dan. 7, 14. His power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and His kingdom that shall not be destroyed. Alleluia.
Tract. Ps. 8, 27, 28, 30
He shall cry out to Me: Thou art My Father: My God, and the support of My salvation. V. And I will make Him My firstborn, high above the kings of the earth. V. And I will make His seed to endure for evermore: and His throne as the days of Heaven.
Alleluia, alleluia. V. Dan. 7, 14. His power is an everlasting power that shall not be taken away: and His kingdom that shall not be destroyed, Alleluia. V. Apoc. 19, 16. He hath on His garment, and on His thigh written: King of kings, and Lord of lords. Alleluia.
Gospel. John 18, 33-37
Continuation of the holy Gospel according to St. John.
AT THAT time: Pilate said to Jesus: Art thou the King of the Jews? Jesus answered: Sayest thou this thing of thyself, or have others told it thee of Me? Pilate answered: Am I a Jew? Thy Own nation, and the chief priests, have delivered Thee up to me: what hast Thou done? Jesus answered: My kingdom is not of this world. If My kingdom were of this world, My servants would certainly strive that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now My kingdom is not from hence. Pilate therefore said to Him: Art thou a king then? Jesus answered: Thou sayest that I am a King. For this was I born, and for this came I into the world; that I should give testimony to the truth, Everyone that is of the truth, heareth My voice.
Offertory. Ps. 2, 8
Ask of Me, and I will give Thee the Gentiles for Thy inheritance, and the utmost parts of the earth for Thy possession.
O LORD, we offer Thee this host for the reconciliation of humanity; grant, we beseech Thee, that Jesus Christ Thy Son our Lord, Whom we immolate in this sacrifice, will bestow on all Gentiles the gifts of unity and peace, Who with Thee liveth.
Commemoration, Secret of the occurring Sunday.
Preface of Jesus Christ, King
V. The Lord be with you.
R. And with thy spirit.
V. Lift up your hearts.
R. We have them lifted up to the Lord.
V. Let us give thanks to the Lord our God.
R. It is meet and just.
IT IS truly meet and just, right and profitable, for us, all times, and in all places, to give thanks to Thee, O Lord, the holy One, the Father almighty, the everlasting God: Who didst anoint with the oil of gladness Thine Only-begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ, eternal Priest and King of the universe: that, offering Himself as a stainless peace-offering on the altar of the Cross, He might fulfill the pledges of man’s redemption; and, having all creatures subject to His power, might deliver to Thy sublime majesty an eternal and universal kingdom, a kingdom of truth and life; a kingdom of holiness and grace, a kingdom of justice, love and peace. And therefore with the Angels and Archangels, with the Thrones and Dominations, and with all the array of the heavenly host, we sing a hymn to Thy glory, and unceasingly repeat:
Holy, Holy, Holy, Lord God of hosts. Heaven and earth are full of Thy glory.
Hosanna in the highest. Blessed is He Who cometh in the name of the Lord.
Hosanna in the highest.
Communion. Ps. 28, 10, 11
The Lord shall sit King forever. The Lord will bless His people with peace.
FED with this immortal nourishment, we beseech Thee, O Lord, that we who glory to fight under the standard of Christ the King, may forever reign with Him on the heavenly throne. Who with Thee liveth.
Commemoration, Postcommunion of the occurring Sunday.