Pope Adrian VI
The last pontefice barbaro (Guicciardini, XIV, v), and the only pope of modern times, except Marcellus II, who retained his baptismal name; succeeded Pope Leo X, from 9 January, 1522, to 14 September, 1523. He was born of humble parentage in Utrecht, 2 March, 1459. He lost his pious father, Florentius Dedel, at an early age, and was kept at school by the fortitude of his widowed mother, first at home, later at Zwolle with the Brothers of the Common Life, finally at the University of Louvain. After a thorough course in philosophy, theology, and jurisprudence he was created Doctor of Divinity in 1491. Margaret of Burgundy defrayed the expenses of the poor student. His popularity as professor of theology in Louvain is shown to have been deserved by his two chief works, Quaestiones quodlibeticae (1521), and his Commentarius in Lib. IV Sententiarum Petri Lombardi (1512), which was published without his knowledge from notes of students, and saw many editions. As dean of the collegiate church of St. Peter in Louvain, and vice-chancellor of the university, he laboured to advance the arts and sciences, sacred and profane, and gave universal edification by a life of singular piety and severe asceticism. In 1506, he was, happily for the Church, selected by the Emperor Maximilian as tutor to his grandson, the future Charles V, then in his sixth year. Whatever accomplishments Charles possessed, beyond the art of war, he owed to the efforts of Adrian; most precious of all, his unalterable attachment to the Faith of his fathers.
BURRMANN, Analecta Historica de Hadriano VI (Utrecht, 1727); REUSSENS, Syntagma Theolog. Adriani VI; Anecdota de vitâ et scriptis Adriani VI (Louvain, 1862); GACHARD, Correspondence de Charles Quint et d’Adrien VI (Bruxelles, 1859); ROBINSON, The Month (1877), XXXI, 350; PASTOR, Hist. Jahrb. (1882), III, 121-130. The classic studies on this pope’s life are those of CONSTANTINE VON H FLER, among others Der deutsche Kaiser und der letzte deutsche Papst (Vienna, 1876); Leben des Papstes Adrian VI (Vienna, 1880); cf. his article on Adrian VI in Kirchenlex., V, 1426-27. ARTAUD DE MONTOR, Lives and Times of the Roman Pontiffs (tr. New York, 1867), I, 698-707. For an extensive bibliography of Adrian VI see CHEVALIER Bio-Bibliogr. (2d ed., Paris, 1905), 57, 58.
APA citation. Loughlin, J. (1907). Pope Adrian VI. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
MLA citation. Loughlin, James. “Pope Adrian VI.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907.
Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. March 1, 1907. Remy Lafort, S.T.D., Censor. Imprimatur. +John Cardinal Farley, Archbishop of New York.