Francisco Ximénez de Cisneros

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Francisco Ximénez de Cisneros

Franciscan, cardinal, and Primate of Spain, born at Torrelaguna in New Castile, 1436; died at Roa, near Valladolid, 1517. He was educated at Alcalá and Salamanca and, having graduated in canon and civil law, went to Rome in 1459 where he practised for some years as a consistorial advocate. Having attracted the notice of Sixtus V, that pope promised him the first vacant benefice in his native province. This proved to be that of Uzeda, which Carillo, Archbishop of Toledo, wished to bestow upon one of his own followers. Ximénez asserted his claim to it and for doing so was imprisoned by the archbishop, first at Uzeda and afterwards in the fortress of Santorcaz. He was released in 1480, after six years’ confinement, and transferring to the Diocese of Sigüenza, became grand vicar to Cardinal Gonzalez, the bishop of that see. In 1484 he resigned this office to become a Franciscan of the Observantine Congregation in the Friary of St. John at Toledo. From there, after his profession, he was sent to Salzeda, where he was later elected guardian. Continue reading

St. Emerentiana

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St. Emerentiana

Virgin and martyr, d. at Rome in the third century. The old Itineraries to the graves of the Roman martyrs, after giving the place of burial on the Via Nomentana of St. Agnes, speak of St. Emerentiana. Over the grave of St. Emerentiana a church was built which, according to the Itineraries, was near the church erected over the place of burial of St. Agnes, and somewhat farther from the city wall. In reality Emerentiana was interred in the coemeterium majus located in this vicinity not far from the coemeterium Agnetis. Armellini believed that he had found the original burial chamber of St. Emerentiana in the former coemeterium. According to the legend of St. Agnes Emerentiana was her foster-sister. Some days after the burial of St. Agnes Emerentiana, who was still a catechumen, went to the grave to pray, and while praying she was suddenly attacked by the pagans and killed with stones. Her feast is kept on 23 January. In the “Martyrologium Hieronymianum” she is mentioned under 16 September, with the statement: In coemeterio maiore. She is represented with stones in her lap, also with a palm or lily.

About this page
APA citation. Kirsch, J.P. (1909). St. Emerentiana. In The Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.

MLA citation. Kirsch, Johann Peter. “St. Emerentiana.” The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 5. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1909.

Ecclesiastical approbation. Nihil Obstat. May 1, 1909. Remy Lafort, Censor. Imprimatur. +John M. Farley, Archbishop of New York.

The Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary

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The Espousals of the Blessed Virgin Mary

This Feast arose from popular devotion in the fifteenth century. By the espousals among the Chosen People, a legal marriage was contracted, and therefore, Mary and Joseph were truly husband and wife. They were deeply devoted and faithful Spouses, as the ardent love they cherished for God naturally overflowed into a pure love and affection for one another. Each virginal Spouse was a continual source of joy and edification to the other; hence, they are the only truly perfect models for husbands and wives. Let us pray to them that the peace and happiness which constantly reigned in the Holy Family, may reign in all of our families, which we have consecrated to them.

“Do not be afraid, Joseph, Son of David, to take unto thee Mary, thy Spouse, for That Which is begotten in her is of the Holy Ghost. And she shall bring forth a Son and thou shalt call His name Jesus; for He shall save His people from their sins.” (Matt. 1:20-21)

Let us Pray

Assist us, O Lord, we beseech Thee, by the merits of the holy Spouse of Thy most holy Mother, so that what we cannot obtain of ourselves, may be given us through his intercession. Who livest and reignest with the Father and the Holy Ghost, One God, forever, unto ages of ages. Amen.

Most glorious Queen of the Universe, Mary ever Virgin, who didst bring forth Christ the Lord, the Savior of all, plead in our behalf for peace and salvation. Hail Mary…

Mary speaks:

“I have asked one thing of the Lord, and after this I shall seek: that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life; that I may see the delight of the Lord and may visit His Temple.” (Psalm 26:4)

Let us Pray

Bestow on Thy servants, we beseech Thee, O Lord, the gifts of Thy heavenly grace, that we for whom the Motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary was the beginning of salvation, may be blessed with peace on the solemn Feastday of her Espousals. Through Our Lord Jesus Christ, Thy Son, Who liveth and reigneth with Thee in the Unity of the Holy Ghost, One God, forever, unto ages of ages. Amen.

St. Raymond of Penafort

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St. Raymond of Penafort, Confessor

St. Raymond, sprung from the noble race of Penafort, was born at Barcelona, in Catalonia, in the year 1175. Even in early childhood his only delight was in prayer and study, and when but a mere youth he was so advanced in learning as to be deservedly appointed to instruct others. Subsequently he devoted himself to canon and civil law, and soon excelled the most celebrated jurists of his time.

At Bologna he lectured publicly and gratuitously. At this time, Berengarius, Bishop of Barcelona, happening to pass through Bologna, and hearing of Raymond’s wide-spread fame, persuaded him to return to his native land, where he first installed him as canon, subsequently, however, as provost. Nor did the Bishop hesitate to consult him in his most important affairs. Continue reading

Saint Vincent

Saint Vincent, Deacon and Martyr

Vincent, the Victorious, vested in the sacred dalmatic, and holding his palm in his hand, comes, today, to his Jesus’ Crib, and right welcome is he to Stephen, the Crowned, his leader and his brother. Spain is his country. He is a Deacon of the glorious Church of Saragossa, and, by the strength and warmth of his faith, he is a type of that land, which is, by excellence, the Catholic Kingdom, But he does not belong to Spain only: like Stephen, and like Laurence, Vincent is the favourite and hero of the whole Church. Stephen, the Deacon, preached the divinity of Jesus amidst the shower of stones which were hurled upon him as a blasphemer; Vincent, the Deacon, confessed his faith in Jesus upon his red-hot gridiron, as did that other Deacon, Laurence. This triumvirate of Martyr-Deacons cluster together in the sacred Litany, and when we hear their three grand names, the Crown, the Laurel, and the Conqueror, we hail them as the three bravest Knights of our most dear Lord. Continue reading